⚠️ I can no longer recommend Fleek as they promote privacy invasive services such as Discord and Cloudflare. Their login page now uses Google Firebase, which I have blocked along with the rest of Google.
Hosting static websites on a VPS is very wasteful, expensive, and not scalable. Using static hosting providers such as Cloudflare Pages has privacy implications and allows your site to be censored. IPFS is a peer to peer protocol designed to help decentralize the web, circumventing censorship, and providing real privacy. This article will show you the benefits of the decentralized web and deploy a static website to IPFS.
What is IPFS?
IPFS is a peer to peer protocol that lets you “pin” files and folders, sharing them on the IPFS network. Viewers also help share the files, like a torrent. Content is addressed using a hash called a CID. Files on IPFS are accessible over HTTP using gateways. For example, https://ipfs.io/ipfs/bafybeigwwctpv37xdcwacqxvekr6e4kaemqsrv34em6glkbiceo3fcy4si and https://bcow-xyz.ipns.dweb.link/. Today’s web is fragile, expensive, and centralized. The average website only lasts 100 days and countries such as China are blocking access to sites. IPFS helped people in oppressive regimes access Wikipedia, https://wikipedia-on-ipfs.org/.
Deploying our site
To deploy our site to IPFS, we will use Fleek (fleek.co). If you've used Netlify before, you'll find it very familiar.
Fleek only supports deploying from GitHub for now, however you can use their CLI to deploy too.
- Sign in at app.fleek.co
- Click "Add New Site"
- Connect with GitHub and select your repo
- Select IPFS and configure your build settings
- Deploy site! You can then add a custom domain
When setting a custom domain, make sure to setup DNSLink by clicking on the 3 dots on your domain and following the instructions. This lets users access your site using other IPFS gateways.
Using Fleek CLI
- Install the CLI using npm:
npm install -g @fleekhq/fleek-cli
- Login using
- In your site's directory, run
- To deploy your site, run
Your site will now be available on IPFS and you can setup a custom domain at app.fleek.co.
Custom domains require your DNS provider to support ANAME/ALIAS. If yours doesn't, you can
nslookup <random thing>.b-cdn.netand use the IP address there. This will use the closest BunnyCDN location, you can check where that is by running
whois <IP address>.